Filler is a substance that can be injected under the skin in order to correct the volume of the lips, the shape of the nose, cheeks, and cheekbones, to define the jaw lines and get rid of deep wrinkles.
In search of eternal youth, doctors began experimenting with fillers long time back, as far as 1800. They used paraffin to fill in the missing volumes and adjust the face. This procedure had negative consequences. Paraffin caused severe allergies and led to serious health problems. In 1950 in USA the silicone boom began, and this substance became components of the fillers. But again, no positive results were achieved: the silicone filler moved across the face, creating defects instead of correcting them. Scientist did not give up and in 1981 they developed the first filler based on bovine collagen (protein). It worked as scientists intended but this material caused severe allergic reactions. In 2003 in USA scientist developed a hyaluronic acid based filler which was stable and turned the allergic reactions to the minimum.
Hyaluronic acid not only able to fill the missing volume in the tissues, but it stimulates the skin itself to produce hyaluronic acid, collagen and it attracts the water molecules which would result to skin rejuvenating and hydration. Thus basically with one disadvantage: it doesn’t have a long-lasting effect; it can last from 4-10 months. Many factors may influence that such as site of injection, age, kind of the filler, environment and the patient himself .
There are some non-hyaluronic acid based fillers such as, polycaprolactone filler and calcium hydroxyapatite filler that can stay longer time (8-14 months).
Combining fillers with different injectable procedures such as Botulinum toxin A ,Mesotherapy,Threads the doctor performs jewelry work - reduces wrinkles around the lips, creases on the forehead, neck, models the chin, removes crow's feet, lifts the cheekbones, draw the jaw lines, creates sexual lips, changes the shape of the nose.
After the procedure of the filler injection, redness and bruising may occur. The first passes in an hour or two, the second - in a week. During this period, you will feel the drug in the injected area - until it softens
The side effect of the filler may include: pain, erythema, sensitivity, bruising, inflammation, fibrosis and edema.
My mentor asked me to remember a golden role:
“The concept of beauty is very subjective, the specialist can only recommend to the patient the amount of correction needed, as well as conduct it professionally, but the patient is the one who must choose anyway,”